If you want to resize, merge, split, move your partitions, you may have to modify your encrypted partition too.
If you haven't got it, install GParted to view and manage your partitions.
you do anything serious, make a rescue disk in a USB thumb flash drive,
and make sure that your computer can boot from it, and you know how
to. In Ubuntu a rescue/recover disk is actually a full sized Ubuntu
operating system on trial. You can use it straight from the flash
drive, or install Ubuntu into your hard drive for a dual boot or pure
Ubuntu system. Just don't do that and keep using it directly from flash
The latest Ubuntu have GParted installed, and make sure that your thumb drive have it.
hate to say that you should back up you data before you modify your
partitions. But that's not very practical for most, unless you have a
new bigger hard drive, or a huge external drive. GParted is pretty safe
and I lived to tell you the story.
If you didn't setup
your swap, I didn't, you may find where it is in the file /etc/fstab.
You will find a line with the word swap. For a swap partition it will
be at /dev/sda2 etc, but identified with the partition's UUID, a global
unique code. For a swap file, it will be typically be at /swapfile.
size of the swap file or partition will be about one to two times your
system RAM. If you have ample RAM and disk space, the recommended size
is equal to your RAM. But the old school of twice the RAM size doesn't
matter. Now disks are half to one Terrible lot of Bytes.
if you encrypted your swap file, you cannot be sure that it's
functional because in GPart it show up as an unknown partition and
unmounted. Don't let it fool you.
First you turn off swap:
for swap partition or if you have a swap file
Edit the /etc/fstab file:
#sudo gedit /etc/fstab
comment out the swap file entry. If your swap isn't encrypted, now it
would be a normal partition (if you reboot) and you can do anything
about it with GPart for example. You can delete it or your swap file.
your swap is encrypted, you will not be able to boot again. You have
to remove the mapper. You can see at /dev/mapper what the mapped
partition is, eg, cryptswap1. To remove it:
#dmsetup remove cryptswap1
it, you OS cannot boot even in recovery mode, as the mapper is looking
for the swap partition that do not exist or defunctional one way or the
To setup the swap partition again. Create a
partition in GPart if you don't have one already. Keep it unmounted.
Format it to linux-swap.
In /etc/fstab, uncomment the
old swap partition line. Instead of the UUID, you can just use the
device name, /dev/sda2 for example.
You may be able to do
But if you reboot you will sure have the swap partition active.
you can use the ecryptfs utility to encrypt the swap file again. You
can see your swap at /dev/mapper and the corresponding line added at
Remember to comment out the line for the previous swap partition in /etc/fstab. The ecryptfs utility does not do it for your.
You can use the system monitor to see how much and how often your swap partition is used.